Diseases of the integumentary system list

Acne
Acne is a skin condition marked by acne on the face, chest, and back. The most typical skin disease. Increased degrees of androgens (male hormones) trigger the sebaceous glands to secrete a lot of sebum into hair roots.
The surplus sebum combines with lifeless, sticky skin tissues to form a difficult plug that blocks the follicle. Bacteria that normally life on the skin after that invades the blocked follicle. Weakened, the follicle bursts open up, releasing the sebum, germs, skin cells, and whitened blood cells in to the surrounding cells. A pimple forms.

Athlete’s foot
Athlete’s foot is a typical fungus infection where the skin between your toes becomes itchy and sore, peeling and cracking away. Properly referred to as tinea pedis, the contamination received its common title because the contamination causing fungi grow nicely in warm, damp places such as for example in and around pools, showers, and locker areas (areas popular by athletes).

Burns
You can find few threats much more serious to your skin than burns. Burns are usually injuries to tissues due to intense heat, electric power, UV radiation (sunburn), or certain chemicals (such as for example acids).

Dermatitis
Dermatitis is any swelling of the skin. There are many forms of dermatitis & most are seen as a pink or reddish rash that itches. Two common sorts are get in touch with dermatitis and seborrheic dermatitis.

Psoriasis
Psoriasis is really a chronic (long-term) skin condition seen as inflamed lesions with silvery-white colored scabs of dead pores and skin. Normal skin tissues mature and replace lifeless skin tissues every twenty-eight to four weeks.
Psoriasis causes skin tissues to mature in under a week.

Skin cancer
Skin cancer may be the growth of irregular skin cells with the capacity of invading and destroying some other cells. Skin cancer may be the single most typical kind of cancer in people. The reason for most pores and skin cancers or carcinomas will be unknown, but overexposure to ultraviolet radiation in sunshine is really a risk factor.
Basal cell carcinoma may be the most common type of skin malignancy, accounting for approximately 75 percent of instances. It is also minimal malignant or cancerous (maintaining grow and spread through the entire body). In this type of skin cancer, basal tissues in the skin are altered so that they no more produce keratin. They spread also, invading the dermis and subcutaneous coating. Shiny, dome-shaped lesions create frequently on sun exposed regions of the face. The next most typical areas affected will be the ears, the relative backs of the hands, the shoulders, and the hands.

how squamous cell carcinoma affects the body?

Squamous cell carcinomaffects the cells of the next deepest layer of the skin. Like basal cell carcinoma, this kind of skin cancer furthermore involves skin subjected to sunlight: face, ears, fingers, and arms. The malignancy presents itself as a little, scaling, elevated bump on your skin with a crusting middle. It grows quickly and spreads to adjacent lymph nodes or even removed. If the lesion will be caught early and eliminated surgically or through radiation, the patient includes a good potential for recovering completely.
Malignant melanoma makes up about 5 pct of most skin cancers, nonetheless it is the most severe type. This is a malignancy of the melanocytes, tissues in the low epidermis that create melanin. In their first stages, melanomas resemble moles. Quickly, they appear being an expanding brownish to black patch. Along with invading surrounding tissues, the malignancy spreads aggressively to other areas of the body, especially the lung and liver. Overexposure to sunlight may be a reason behind melanomas; however the greatest risk element appears to be genetic.

Vitiligo
Vitiligo is really a skin disorder where the lack of melanocytes (tissues that produce the colour pigment melanin) results inside patches of clean, milky white skin.

Warts
Warts are little growths the effect of a viral contamination of the skin or even mucous membrane. The virus infects the surface coating. Warts are contagious. They are able to easily pass from individual to individual. They are able to also pass in one area of the entire body to another on a single person.
Hand warts grow round the fingernails, on the fingers, and on the backs of the fingers. They appear mainly in areas where in fact the skin is broken.
Foot warts (also known as plantar warts) usually appear on your golf ball of the feet, the heel, or even the flat section of the toes. Feet warts do not stay up above the top like hands warts. If remaining untreated, they are able to grow in proportions and pass on into clusters of many warts. If situated on a pressure stage of the feet, these warts could be painful.

Alopecia Areata
Is an autoimmune skin condition that triggers the body’s disease fighting capability to attack the hair roots, leading to baldness in patches.

Seborrheic Dermatitis
An advanced type of seborrhea, is a noncontagious skin disease that triggers excessive oiliness of your skin, mostly in the scalp, due to overproduction of sebum, the substance made by your body to lubricate your skin where hair follicles can be found. Seborrhea is the type of the condition where oiliness just occurs without inflammation and scaling. The disease generally occurs in infants, middle-aged people, and older people, and is often recognized in infants as cradle cap

Paronychia
Can be an often tender infection of inflammation round the foot of the nail fold. It could start suddenly (severe paronychia) or progressively (chronic paronychia).

Accute Paronychia
Acute paronychia develops more than a few hours whenever a nail fold becomes unpleasant, swollen and red. Yellow pus can happen under the cuticle. In some instances fever and unpleasant glands beneath the arms accompany an especially severe case of severe paronychia. It is almost always because of “Staph” bacteria germs.

Chronic Paronychia
Chronic paronychia is really a gradual process plus much harder to eliminate. It may begin in one nail fold but frequently spreads too many others. Each impacted nail fold (your skin that lies close to the nail) gets swollen and lifted above the nail. It might be red and tender every once in a while, and sometimes just a little solid pus (white, yellowish or green) could be expressed from beneath the cuticle

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